According to 2013 UNDP report, all south Asian Countries except Afghanistan, were ranked better for women than India … India constitutes more than 10% of all crimes are reported and In India, a woman is raped in every 20 minutes.
Women Equality : Equality between equals
Constitutional provisions give stress on the equality of men and women. Women constitute 48.46% of the India’s total population, yet only 27% form part of the National work force, which is also marked by a very high attrition rate and unequal pay.
In the first four months of 2017, a nugget of information went by unnoticed: while jobs for men increased by 0.9 million, 2.4 million women fell off the employment map, according to the Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE), a think tank.
Within South Asia in 2013, India had the lowest rate of female employment after Pakistan.
In over two decades preceding 2013, female labour force participation in India fell from 34.8% to 27%, according to an April 2017 World Bank report.
The National Sample Survey shows that women wish to engage in a gainful / paying activities…But safety concerns (direct and indirect), esp. concerning working conditions in India, appear to be the key factors for such skewed outcome.
To appreciate the situation better, as many as 1,971 cases of sexual harassment of women at workplace were registered in four years till December 12, 2017, or one case every day, according to this reply to the Lok Sabha (lower house of Parliament) on December 15, 2017. Cases reported increased by 45% from 371 in 2014 to 539 in 2017 (till December 12, 2017). The latest data from National Crime records Bureau has shown – as it has for several years now – that less than 6% women are raped by strangers. Clearly safety is more of a concern within the four walls, of either home or the workplace.
Safety aspect cuts two ways – on one hand, it restricts social or family’s permission to women to work in the first place, on the other hand, a lot of managements perceive the costs of hiring women (in terms of provision of infrastructure – transport, crèche, and the general ensuing management liability), as being too exorbitant.
Given the extremely low workforce participation rate for women in Delhi, gender stereotypes prevail, and they are likely to play a role in the perceptions of both men and women in terms of women’s work and their workplaces.